As you examine a text for instruction, notice text factors that might be difficult for the English learners in your class. What are students' levels of background knowledge related to the topic? Think about vocabulary such as idioms, colloquialisms, contractions, and words with more than one meaning. Notice language structures, illustration support, and graphics. Consider cultural challenges.
From The Literacy Quick Guide: A Reference Tool for Responsive Literacy Teaching by Irene C. Fountas and Gay Su Pinnell. Copyright (C) 2018 by Irene C. Fountas and Gay Su Pinnell. Published by Heinemann.